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Abstracts of dissertations

Exploitation and Criminal Victimization of Children of Migrant Families
Rengasamy, Stalin

Dr. M. Srinivasan
Department of Criminology
University of Madras

Year of completion in progress

language of dissertation English

  • Migration
  • Child Victimization
Areas of Research
  • Migration
  • Law
  • Childhood
Background of the study

Globalization is a set of economic process in which production, marketing and investment are integrated across the border of nations. It is also defined as a socio-political process because of its impact on culture, governance and domestic policy. This economic, socio-political process among the nations has a positive as well as negative impact. A vast majority of the third world countries are mostly witnessing the negative impact alone since the process of globalization in third world countries increases the monopolistic control over resources, technology, knowledge and capital by the first world countries. India was basically an agrarian society; most of the economic needs for the nation as well as the people were fulfilled by the agriculture sector. Though caste and class based discrimination was prevalent in India, the basic needs of the poor were met through rights over common lands and forest-based subsistence. This was the system which was prevalent in the past in the state of Tamil Nadu, South India also. The current scenario in the state of Tamil Nadu in the agrarian sector was not the same as mentioned earlier. Presently, small peasants and agricultural labourers are the worst affected because agriculture has become non-profitable and unsustainable. As a result, the rural people especially from peasant families are migrating in large numbers from their own villages to the nearby towns/cities/districts/states. The migration process of rural poor peasant families for their survival is easily misused by the work providers or agents. In this process, the migrants and their families, including women and children are exploited and criminally victimized in various forms. Their children, particularly, are vulnerable to various forms of exploitation and criminal victimization. Against this background, it has been proposed to undertake a research with the following broad objectives:

Objective of the study

To find out various forms of exploitation and criminal victimization of children of migrant families.
To find out the perpetrators of such exploitation and criminal victimization of children.
To examine the reaction or response of the children to such exploitation and criminal victimization.

Scope of the study

The present research would be confined only to study various forms of exploitation and criminal victimization of the children of migrant families, employed in construction industries, rice-mills and brick kilns situated on the outskirts of Chennai city.


The nature of the study will be of descriptive one. The sampling method, to be adopted for the study will be purposive sampling method. The sample size of the present study would be approximately 500 children of migrant families. An interview schedule will be constructed incorporating all the variables to elicit data from the children of migrant families. The data collected will be subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences).