Second ISA Forum of Sociology, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1-4 August 2012

Research Committee on
Deviance and Social Control, RC29

  on-line programme

Main theme

Public safety and social control: towards a new world with peace, justice, liberty and security

 

Programme Coordinator

José Vicente TAVARES DOS SANTOS, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, jvicente@ufrgs.br

Programme committee


RC29 Liaison in Argentina
Mariano Hernán Gutiérrez, Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Universidad de Buenos Aires, marianohgutierrez@yahoo.com

Volunteer at the venue
Paula Martínez, paulaemartinez@gmail.com

Deadlines

All Forum participants (presenters, chairs, discussants, etc.) need to pay the early registration fee by April 10, 2012, in order to be included in the programme. If not registered, their names will not appear in the Programme or Abstracts Book.

Sessions

provisional as of March 15, 2012, in alphabetical order

 

CULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF CRIME AND VIOLENCE

 

Human rights violations

In a worldwide horizon, there is a huge human hights violation, imposing an international commitment to the states to preserve the rule of law with respect of the human dignity. Stills remains the impunity for dictatorships crimes against human rights, with some remarkable experiences of “true reports” that engages courts procedures to the offenders, usually high ranks states officials. But, it remains a lot of impunity around the world.

 

LATE MODERNITY AND SOCIAL CONTROL

 

RC29 Business Meeting

 

Social justice and democratization: Diffuse violence and social control

A lot of different kinds of violence in contemporary societies – structural violence, gender violence, racisms, school violence, ecological violence, political violence – come together to form a process of disintegration of citizenship. Also, there is now a day a micro violence which conforms new patterns of violence, a so-called violent modes of sociability, inverting the expectations of the civilizing process. Consequently, a crucial debate about social control models must be explained with a sociological point of view. The future of Social Justice and Democratization must be explained from a worldwide perspective.

 

The debate on policing models

Many models are in place: tough police, confirming a ‘law and order’ point of view about policing; community policing; the principles of “new public management”; the “total quality model of management” and the “third-party policing”; and the citizenship police model. Nevertheless, it continues the phenomena of police brutality and police corruption which undermines the advancement of democracy. For the sociological work, it´s not possible anymore to ignore the private security, an international branch with private security firms and consultancy security firms who area doing business around the world.

 

The dilemmas of the public safety, social inequalities, social control and deviance

There are many new democratic governments in Latin America, Africa and Asia, but with different social policies, social reforms and international policies strategies. The great surprise is the absence of a new model of policing in these countries, with a landscape of improvisations, ambivalences between repressive or conservatism in public security policies. The social origins of violence, crime and deviance in global socioeconomics contexts of unemployment, exclusion and poverty impose new sociological explanations. Besides that, the gender issue and the ethnic minorities play a crucial role in new multiethnic states, sometimes giving to the ethnical communities’ tasks of informal control.

 

The metamorphosis of prison

The crisis of the ideal of rehabilitation that justified penitentiary institution, with different rhetorical patterns since its birth in the formation of modern societies, has open a set of changes around this central technique of punishment from the 1970s onwards, that have different forms and scopes in diverse national contexts. Some sociological accounts of these changes announce the formation of a new model of prison, that accompanied a general epochal transformation -from modern to late-modern, from fordist to post-fordist- that is justified in a rhetoric of incapacitation and is translated in the dismantling of the set of practices inside prisons built around the "correctional model" -work, education, parole- and in the growing numbers of imprisonment. To discuss this account is a key task for the sociology of punishment today: how far this transformation has advanced in different cultural and political scenarios? What happens in contexts in which the imprisonment didn`t grow or even has decreased in the last years? How far new political and media rethoriques are translated in new practices in prison life? What is the reaction of prison officials and services in this context of crisis? How prisoners adapt to resist to this kind of changes? What are the main effects in the place of prison in the contemporary social world?

 

The social construction of the police: Dilemmas of police learning

The sociological question could be stated as follows: do social inequalities shape the dominant political culture in police academies in late modernity? Are police academies preparing aspiring officers to enforce the law, while respecting the limits imposed by the constitutional state to ensure citizen’s rights? The main sociological issue concerns the dilemma between “training” and “education” in police academies which could configure the future of public security in the contemporary world.

 

The Social Selectivity of Criminal Justice

The social selectivity of criminal justice system begins with the stigmas in everyday life, but for some social class and groups there are a lot of difficulties to access the justice, mainly as an effect of gender and racial discrimination. In many countries, the penal process produces a social selectivity. Sometimes, we could also observe the spread of global flows of “white collars” crime: not only money laundry but also human traffic and international weapon and drugs dealers. Usually, these, crimes receive a great impunity in many States.

 

The sociological explanations of deviance, crime and social control

It should be quite interesting to build-up a global sociological approach for a dialogue between multiple explanations of crime: Labeling theories, Social control explanations, Critical criminology, Cultural criminology, and the Sociology of Violence and Social Conflict. RC 29 invites papers focused on the nature of theory and research in world regions such as Europe, Africa, South America, Southeast Asia, Caribbean, and North America. It´s crucial to focus on crime and the agencies and institutions of crime control as cultural products.

 

Youth and violence

Contemporary societies have been pointed by school violence and lethal school violence, which social roots are both the youth unemployment and the lack of recognition of the youth. For juveniles, technology is always an important part of the youth culture and finding news means of communication and self-expression in the virtual world can be a way of establishing identity. However, this type of technology also opens new avenues for juvenile victimization and offending. Cyber-violence is rapidly becoming a new form of torment for children and the access to children created through internet sites can have traumatic consequences. In addition, physical size and maturity are no longer barriers to offending when violent or fraudulent acts are committed in “cyber-space.”

 

 

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November 2012