ISA World Congress of Sociology, Yokohama, Japan, July 2014

Research Committee on
Sociology of Work, RC30

RC30 main page

Program Coordinators

Assistant Program Coordinator

Number of allocated sessions including Business Meeting: 18.

 

For sessions program and schedule see

On-line congress program

 

Contemporary Dynamics of Paternalism. Actualités du paternalisme. Actualidad del paternalismo

Session Organizers
Annie LAMANTHE, Aix Marseille Université, France, annie.lamanthe@univ-amu.fr
Lylia PALACIOS HERNANDEZ, Universidad de Nuevo León, Mexico, lyliapalacios@yahoo.com
Stéphanie BARRAL, France, phanette.barral@gmail.com

Session in English/French/Spanish

In European countries, paternalistic forms of labor management were developed during the industrialization period, when labor relation rose. They allowed setting to work population unused to industrial patterns and to control potentially dangerous social classes; the supply of discretionary and personalized protections brought a partial answer to these social issues. Progressively, the production of labor legislation, the rise of mutual State-guaranteed social protections as well as social debates and claiming related to paternalism led to an important decrease in its implementation. However, paternalism kept on being carried out in particular sectors and firms. This form of labor relation can also be observed in other regions of the world, bearing other patterns related to the way it takes root in national and/or local societies.

The aim of this session is to question the contemporary forms of paternalism at a worldwide scale: This session can be linked to the “Decent work and sustainability” session of RC30, understanding paternalism as a way to provide social protections in a context where they are lacking, including particular compensations in return. More generally, it could lead to the establishment of comparative approaches on paternalism.

Dans les pays européens, les modes de gestion paternalistes de la main-d’œuvre ont trouvé leur plein développement dans le double contexte de l’industrialisation et de l’émergence du salariat. Ils assuraient alors tout à la fois la mise au travail de populations peu habituées à l’ordre industriel, le contrôle de classes potentiellement dangereuses et la fourniture de protections discrétionnaires et personnalisées apportant par là, pour partie, une réponse à la « question sociale ». Avec le temps, le développement d’une législation spécifique du travail, la montée des protections sociales à visée universelle garanties par l’Etat et les contestations sociales dont il a été l’objet ont considérablement réduit l’ampleur du paternalisme. Pour autant, il a pu conserver une certaine actualité dans certains secteurs et dans certains types d’entreprises. Le paternalisme s’observe aussi dans l’histoire de la relation salariale d’autres régions du monde, sous des formes différenciées qui tiennent à ses modalités d’ancrage dans les sociétés nationales et/ou locales.

L’objectif de cette session est de s’interroger sur l’actualité, ou les actualités du paternalisme dans le monde aujourd’hui en abordant différentes questions : Cette session pourrait faire écho à la thématique « Decent work and sustainability » du RC30, si on entend le paternalisme sous l’angle des protections sociales qu’il est à même de procurer, notamment dans les contextes où toute autre source fait défaut, et des contreparties qu’il exige en retour. Au final, elle pourrait conduire à l’engagement d’une perspective de « paternalisme comparé » dans le temps et dans différents espaces du monde.

En los países europeos, los modos de gestión laboral paternalistas encontraron su plena extensión en el doble contexto de la industrialización y del desarrollo del trabajo asalariado. Aseguraron a la vez la preparación para el trabajo de poblaciones no acostumbradas a la disciplina industrial, el control de clases potencialmente peligrosas y la protección que proporcionaron de manera discrecional e individualizada, y en parte como respuesta a la "cuestión social". Con el tiempo, el desarrollo de una legislación laboral específica y de una protección social universal garantizada por el Estado, así como la oposición social que ha enfrentado, redujeron considerablemente la importancia del paternalismo. Sin embargo, tuvo la capacidad de mantenerse en algunos sectores y en variados tipos de empresas. El paternalismo se observa también en la historia de otras regiones del mundo, en variados modos que reflejan su inserción en las sociedades nacionales y / o locales.

El objetivo de esta mesa será reflexionar sobre la actualidad, o las actualidades, del paternalismo en el mundo hoy, tratando las siguientes interrogantes: Esta mesa puede hacer eco del tema "El trabajo decente y la sostenibilidad" del RC30, si entendemos el paternalismo desde el punto de vista de la protección social que puede proporcionar, sobre todo en contextos en los que se carece de otras fuentes, y de las contrapartidas que exige a cambio. Al final, esta mesa podría dar lugar a una perspectiva de "paternalismo comparado" en el tiempo y en distintas áreas del mundo.

 

Facing an Unequal World in the 21st Century: New Approaches to Internationalism. Enfrentar la desigualdad social en el siglo XXI: Nuevos acercamientos para el internacionalismo

Session Organizer
Tania GARCIA-RAMOS, Puerto Rico, taniagarcia22@hotmail.com

Session in English/Spanish

In this session, we propose a deep and critical understanding of social inequality in the 21st century and the challenges it poses for the new approaches to internationalism.

In the globalized world internationalism includes a new approach to movements and communications between social actors, actresses and sectors within and beyond nation states. We address inequality recognizing social and cultural differences regarding our rights and demands. We distinguish this meaning from conventional approaches to social equality. Although historically some countries and regions have been linked to confront and mitigate common economic inequalities, in the 21st century we should examine critically these efforts to identify their limitations and the necessary political concertations to address the pressing problems of this era. Weakening of social formations, whether liberal, neoliberal, conservative or socialist, is the starting point to think and build new approaches to internationalism.

The systemic economic, political and social crisis, that includes labour flexibilization and precarization and the weakening of the nation states, raised the urgency of rethinking the strategies and scenarios of the broadest and heterogeneous sectors; including the local and international social movements. This implies that no country or nation-state has the capacity to solve its problems by itself. In the context of late capitalism political initiatives and social movements have emerged to face the challenges of the crisis of work and labour. These initiatives and movements may provide clues for new assertive forms of agency, mobilizations and proposals. Given this situation, what questions, analysis and opportunities can be addressed for dignified life and work in society? Some of the guiding questions of this session are:
  1. What new principles, international relations and rearticulations can be created between work, life, leisure and society?
  2. What agencies or social movements could articulate new demands to confront local and international inequality recognizing cultural and political differences?
  3. What kind of relationships and new agendas can be forged between countries or regions of the world?
  4. What research can account for new approaches to internationalism that address inequality and work and labour crisis?
Mediante esta sesión, proponemos producir una comprensión profunda y crítica de la desigualdad social en el siglo XXI y de los retos que nos plantea para el nuevo internacionalismo. En el mundo globalizado planteamos el nuevo internacionalismo como aquel que estudia los movimientos y comunicaciones entre los actores, actrices y sectores sociales dentro y fuera de los estados-naciones. Abordamos la desigualdad contemporánea reconociendo las diferencias sociales y culturales de nuestros derechos y reclamos. Esta acepción se distingue de los acercamientos convencionales de la igualdad social. Aún cuando históricamente países y regiones se han vinculado para enfrentar y mitigar problemas comunes de desigualdad económica, los problemas apremiantes del siglo XXI plantean una reflexión crítica de dichos esfuerzos en aras de reconocer sus limitaciones e identificar las concertaciones políticas necesarias.

El debilitamiento de las formaciones sociales, en la modalidad liberal, neoliberal, conservadora o socialista, es el punto de partida para pensar y gestar nuevos acercamientos para el internacionalismo. El carácter sistémico de la crisis económica, social y política contemporánea, que incluye la flexibilización y precarización laboral y el debilitamiento de los estados-nación, plantea la urgencia de repensar las estrategias y escenarios de los más amplios y heterogéneos sectores; que incluyen los movimientos sociales locales e internacionales. Lo anterior implica que ningún país o estado-nación tiene la capacidad de resolver sus problemas por sí solo. En el contexto del capitalismo tardío han emergido iniciativas políticas y movimientos sociales para atender los retos de la desigualdad social y la crisis del trabajo y el empleo, que pueden darnos pistas hacia nuevas formas asertivas de agencia, movilización y propuestas.

Ante este panorama, ¿qué interrogantes, análisis y posibilidades podemos acoger para forjar una vida y trabajo dignos en sociedad? Algunas de las preguntas guías de esta sesión son:
  1. ¿Qué nuevos principios, relaciones y rearticulaciones internacionales podemos crear entre el trabajo, la vida, el ocio y la sociedad?
  2. ¿Qué nuevas demandas y agencias articularían los movimientos sociales locales e internacionales para enfrentar la desigualdad reconociendo las diferencias culturales y políticas?
  3. ¿Qué tipo de relaciones y nuevas agendas podemos forjar entre países o regiones del planeta?
  4. ¿Cuáles investigaciones pueden dar cuenta de los nuevos acercamientos del internacionalismo para enfrentar la desigualdad social y la crisis del trabajo y empleo?

 

Facing an Unequal World, the Manufacturing of Migrations and Knowledge Related. Part I

Session Organizer
Delphine MERCIER, Centro de Estudios Mexicanos y Centroamericanos, Mexico, delphine.mercier@cemca.org.mx

Session in English

The manufacturing migrations analyses the mechanisms of production of migratory knowledge, as they are the results of the mobilities and the activities of transmigrant and trans-border populations in the world. It aims at studying the international migration social dynamics, according to its space, economic and time dimensions. It leads then to question knowledge society understatements which are commonly used by international organisms discourses. If migrations are easily related to the first two dimensions, partly because of the transnationalization of spaces and economic forces, the time-related dimension of migrations is not so obvious. After decades of repeated migratory circulations in the world, we cannot miss the first elements that give this reality a consequent time depth, from all over the migratory generation chain.

The research is no more bound to establish a social fact, but it has to question a type of sociality that is produced in the societies we choose to investigate. Are international migrations the bases of a liquid social order (Bauman), that gives no supports for individuals (Castel), a social order that is de-institutionalized (Dubet), or are they pointing another type of sociality, neither liquid nor solid, which has to be defined but could be nonetheless, as a first approximation, the result of an art, a social technique of bricolage, specifically grounded? From this epistemic point of view, we can broadly characterize the sociologic stands in two poles. On the one hand, there are those who underline the situated and local character of action, the actor’s agency and the unceasing reconfiguration of the social ties. Social relations are then considered as always dependant of local bargaining and power struggles, they seem contingent and historically variable.

On the other hand, are approaches which focus on the question of permanence and on the reproduction of social structures which appears to exert restriction on what is possible. This tension between two epistemologies (but also the politics that underlie them) is going through all social sciences creating sometimes insurmountable barriers between theoretical worlds that conceive themselves highly incompatible.

Our session would be to establish a link between those worlds, between Latour and Bourdieu for example, for the benefit of the migration issue. It would then be our stake to attempt to define the degrees of malleability of the social migratory world, by observing how are configured knowledge in the three thematic lines selected, space, economy and time. Consequently we have chosen to articulate three analytic approaches of migration: the first one focus on spatial dynamics bound to the international mobilities of populations whether they are transnational or transborder; the second one, from working sites, consists in analyzing the strategies of mobility and migration that structure labor markets; the third one deals with the temporal dimensions of migration, in its family and social components.

 

Guestwork around the World: the Manufacturing of the Migration

Session Organizer
Kristin SURAK, Duisburg-Essen University, Germany, kristin.surak@uni-due.de

Session in English

Temporary foreign worker programs (TFWPs) are booming. Canada has rolled out a new scheme; Singapore, Taiwan, and the US are debating whether to expand their TFW numbers; European countries are experimenting with “micro” guestworker programs; and several Gulf States continue to rely on the import of temporary labor for almost the entirety of private sector employment. If TFWPs are defined as state-organized schemes that bring in foreigners on a temporary basis for the purpose of work, and grant them limited or no option for changing this status, then around a fifth of all international labor migrants fall under this rubric. Though a global phenomenon, guestworker programs have been the subject of little cross-regional comparative analysis.

The purpose of this panel would be to bring together papers on TFWPs in different parts of the globe to begin a dialogue on inter-regional trends and intra-regional specificities, with an emphasis on the political economy of guestworker programs.

What roles do temporary migrant workers in the overall economy, and has this shifted over time? In what ways do governments partner with private agencies – whether brokers, employment agencies, or security services – to implement TFWPs? How have states handled emergent problems and to what degree are policy gaps desirable for the various actors involved? To what degree and in what ways are guestworkers becoming permanent? What are the costs and benefits for the workers themselves? In comparing across cases, can broader regional or global trends be discerned?

 

Health Professions and Organizations: Issues of International Comparison

Session Organizers
Philippe MOSSE, Aix Marseille Université, France, philippe.mosse@univ-amu.fr
Tetsu HARAYAMA, Toyo University, Japan, t_harayama@toyonet.toyo.ac.jp

Session in English

Health systems and their protagonists are faced with similar challenges (demographic, financial, economic, social) that health professionals are supposed to solve. Faced with these challenges is a great temptation to develop answers "universal" illustrated the deployment of "New Public Management".

The session will aim to confront comparative approaches that allow to highlight the tension between the apparent convergence and persistence of country-specific logic.

 

Japanese Employment Practice in Transition: Flexibility and Job Security in Global Context. Panel Session

Session Organizers
Shinichi OGAWA, Yokohama National University, Japan, sogawa@ynu.ac.jp
Koji TAKAHASHI, Japan Institute for Labour, Japan, ktaka@jil.go.jp

Session in English

Not open for submission of abstracts.
The aim of this panel session is to share with the audience the outline of changing Japanese employment practice. Japanese employment system has been classified as one of the “organization-oriented,” and it implies that it ensures long-term employment within the same firm. Japanese industrial relations system, the main feature of which is the enterprise union, appears to have reinforced the employment security. Japanese practice of transition from school to work has been regarded as enabling even graduates to immediately begin their occupational lives as regular employees. As with the employment systems of other countries, Japanese employment practice is confronted with the pressure from globalization, and it is becoming difficult for it to maintain as high a level and as wide a range of job security as it used to be.

In this panel session, we will focus on three topics with regard to the changing employment practice and the insecurity resulting from it, to say, increasing atypical employment, prevailing insecure job market especially in younger generations, and shrinking union membership and its bargaining power across the country. To draw the outline of these trends, and foresee the future of Japanese employment practice, we will invite three leading sociologists of work and industry in Japan.

 

Lean Production as the New Division of Labor?

Session Organizers
Thomas JANOSKI, University of Kentucky, USA, tjanos@email.uky.edu
Darina LEPADATU, Kennesaw State University, USA, dlepadat@kennesaw.edu

Session in English

Lean production took the world of work by storm in the 1980s and 1990s as many manufacturers adopted many of the 14 aspects of lean production described by Jeffrey Liker in his various books on the topic. Different countries and different industries often made selections from the 14 aspects of lean production, and some made various modifications based on their own institutions and environments. Some like Osono and colleagues speak of the hard side (cutting workers, just-in-time inventory and supply chain management) and others emphasize the soft side (team work and long-term philosophy).

Lean production as a term is the result of MIT researchers in the late 1980s and as a result, it emphasizes the hard or efficiency aspect of the process rather than the soft or cooperative side. The term lean is somewhat unfortunate in that it emphasizes reducing the size of the workforce, which is a misinterpretation of the concept though efficiency in many ways is a goal. In any event, the term seems to have stuck. Lean production started in the automobile factories (some say JIT started in the grocery stores), and has spread to service facilities, especially hospitals and medical clinics.

This session is intended to explore the spread and implications of the concept of lean production in the following ways:

 

Precarious Work and Employment Risks in East Asia

Integrative Session: RC02 Economy and Society, RC44 Labor Movements and RC30 Sociology of Work.
Not open for submission of abstracts.

 

RC30 Business Meeting



 

Repensar la desigualdad social del siglo XXI: Singularidades y retos inedulibles. Rethinking Social Inequality in the 21st Century: Uniqueness and Ineludible Challenges

Session Organizer
Laura L. ORTIZ-NEGRON, Puerto Rico, llortiz@prw.net

Session in English/Spanish

A través de esta sesión, perseguimos producir una comprensión profunda de la desigualdad social global con el fin de caracterizar su naturaleza singular y considerar los retos que nos plantea. Abordamos la desigualdad contemporánea desde el mundo de las diferencias, en sus aspiraciones variadas, y abandonando así el esquema tradicional de la igualdad social. Aún cuando el fenómeno de la desigualdad en el presente se ha vinculado a la tendencia de despojo y exclusión creciente de diversos sectores poblacionales, entendemos que este no está predicado solamente por tendencias en la distribución y retribución de renta. Factores sociales y culturales pudieran incidir en los procesos de desigualdad.

Argumentamos que la naturaleza singular y las manifestaciones de la desigualdad social en estas primeras décadas del siglo XXI responden a nuevas tendencias del régimen asalariado, ya sea en su ordenamiento liberal, neoliberal, de capitalismo de Estado o socialismo real. Aún cuando la desigualdad social ha sido una manifestación sociohistórica y cultural desde la Antigüedad – esclavitud, monarquías, clases, grupos, castas, elites, oligarquías – con los paradigmas correspondientes, la que vivimos en el presente es novel y radical en tanto produce un despojo irreversible en un escenario de poderes concertados más allá de los estados-nación.

La crisis económica y laboral contemporánea es una donde lo que históricamente había generado los excedentes y la acumulación del capital, el trabajo asalariado, ahora se aniquila por el propio capital, sin ciclos de rearticulación ante su dispensabilidad. La mayoría de las sociedades del mundo global están atravesadas por la crisis socioeconómica donde se observa una polarización social, trastocando así los arreglos de estratificación previos. Unido a este proceso, reconocemos las ideologías, discursos y políticas de exclusión y marginación de sectores que proclaman otras formas de vida y subjetividad (sexualidad, género, identidad, familia, raza, etnia y otros referentes).

A su vez, muchos de los Estados modernos y en medio de su insolvencia fiscal, se convierten en estados de bienestar para el capital financiero mediante políticas de estímulos y rescates. Si el trabajo asalariado moderno se figura como una quimera y el Estado ya no pretende asumir el interés público y lo civil, ¿qué tendríamos que reconocer?, ¿qué interrogantes, análisis y posibilidades debemos acoger para forjar un futuro de vida digna en sociedad? Algunas de las coordenadas temáticas para esta sesión son:
  1. Frente a la singularidad de la crisis y la desigualdad social del siglo XXI, ¿qué tipo de metamorfosis tendría el concepto de estratificación social vis a vis las tendencias de polarización social y precariedad laboral en un mundo de diferencias?
  2. ¿Cuáles investigaciones dan cuenta de las tendencias en la desigualdad social en el presente?
  3. Asimismo, ¿qué nuevos registros y sentidos tendrían los conceptos de Estado, trabajo, ocio e intercambios sociales?
In the course of this session, we shall seek to produce a deeper understanding of global social inequality in order to characterize its unique nature and consider the challenges it poses. We address contemporary inequality from the perspective of the multiple discourses of difference, in their various aspirations, abandoning the traditional schema of social equality. Although the phenomenon of inequality has been linked to the trend of increasing dispossession and exclusion of sectors of the population, we understand that this is not solely predicated upon trends in income distribution and retribution. Social and cultural factors may influence the processes of inequality.

We argue that the unique nature and manifestations of social inequality in the first decades of the 21st century constitute a response to new trends in the wage regime, be it in its liberal, neoliberal state capitalist or ‘really existent’ socialist forms. Although social inequality has been a sociohistorical and cultural manifestation since Antiquity – slavery, monarchies, classes, groups, castes, elites, oligarchies – with corresponding paradigms, what we are witness to in the present is novel and radical insofar as an irreversible plundering is being systematically effected by powers beyond those of the nation-state.

The contemporary economic and labor crisis is unlike those historical cycles of generated surpluses and the accumulation of capital; wage labor is now annihilated by capital without cycles of re-articulation rendering wage labor as dispensable. Most contemporary societies are ridden by socioeconomic crisis where there is an intensification of social polarization transforming previous social arrangements and stratifications. Linked to this process, we recognize the ideologies, discourses and policies of exclusion and marginalization of sectors that claim other forms of subjectivity and social life (sexuality, gender, identity, family, race, ethnicity, and other referents).

At the same time, many modern states, in the midst of fiscal insolvency, have become welfare states for finance capital via policies of economic stimulus and bailouts. If modern wage labor appears as a chimera and the State no longer pretends to assume the public interest and the civic, what do we need to recognize?, what questions, analysis and possibilities should we take up in order to forge a decent social life for the future? Some of the key themes for this session are:
  1. Faced with the uniqueness of the crisis and social inequality in the 21st century, what kind of metamorphosis would the concept of social stratification undergo vis a vis social polarization trends and job insecurity in a world of differences?
  2. What research demonstrates trends in social inequality in the present?
  3. Also, in what ways have new accounts and meanings alter the concepts of state, work, leisure and social exchanges?

 

Unionism and the Critique of the Work Organization. Syndicalisme Et Critique De L`organisation Du Travail. Part I

Session Organizer
Émilie LANCIANO, Université Jean Monnet, France, emilie.lanciano@univ-st-etienne.fr
Sophie BEROUD, Université de Lyon, France, Sophie.Beroud@univ-lyon2.fr

Session in English/French

 

Work-Life Interference in a Time of Austerity. L’interférence Travail-Vie Privée en Période d’Austérité. Interferencia entre Trabajo y Vida en Tiempos de Austeridad. Part I

Session Organizers
Bernard FUSULIER, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium, bernard.fusulier@uclouvain.be
Hideki NAKAZATO, Konan University, Japan, nakazato@center.konan-u.ac.jp
Diane Gabrielle TREMBLAY, Université Téluq, Canada, diane-gabrielle.tremblay@teluq.ca

Session in English/French/Spanish

Work-life interference is a real challenge and has become a prominent issue in many countries, national and workplace levels, while for numerous workers ‘juggling’ with competing professional and family needs/care responsibilities in particular is a relentless and often stressful part of everyday life. The growing prominence of ‘work-life‘ strain as a policy issue is connected to contemporary socio-economic transformations: flexible working hours, feminisation of the labour market, intensification of work practices, mobility of the labour force, changing family composition and structure, ageing populations and the general challenge of demographic renewal.

The recent global economic down-turn, resulting in insecure and precarious labour markets, is likely to intensify these societal transformations. Specific policies and measures have been developed to face these new societal challenges. Nevertheless, in some places, the economic crisis of 2008 and austerity politics that have followed in its wake are leading to an erosion of work/family regime changes and work/life balance initiatives at work.

The session will address the effects of austerity, on the first hand, on national work-life policies and uses and, on the other one, on policies and practices of workplaces and occupations.

Aujourd’hui, nombre de personnes ont à jongler avec des impératifs professionnels et familiaux contradictoires, se voient handicapées sur le marché du travail ou fragilisées quant à leur possibilité de s’engager dans une vie conjugale et parentale, ou encore souffrent de ne pouvoir combiner de manière satisfaisante leurs diverses activités. Au carrefour de plusieurs évolutions et transformations contemporaines (flexibilité et intensification du travail, précarité de l’emploi, féminisation du marché du travail, mobilités géographiques, recomposition familiales, vieillissement de la population…), l’interférence entre la vie professionnelle et la vie privée (et familiale en particulier) n’est pas qu’une affaire privée mais devient un enjeu de société qui concerne directement le monde du travail. Des politiques spécifiques sont implémentées pour rencontrer cet enjeu.

Néanmoins, avec la crise économique actuelle et l’austérité budgétaire, les possibilités de transformation du régime d’articulation du système productif et du système reproductif, en même temps que des initiatives prises par les entreprises pour favoriser une meilleure conciliation des milieux de vie semblent fragilisées.

Cette session interroge par conséquent l’impact de l’austérité ambiante sur, d’une part, les politiques nationales d’articulation travail/famille et leurs usages par les travailleurs et, d’autres part, les politiques et pratiques au niveau des lieux de travail et des milieux professionnels.

El fenómeno de la interferencia entre trabajo y vida es un desafío real que se ha vuelto una cuestión prominente en un gran número de países a niveles nacional e institucional. Al mismo tiempo, para muchos trabajadores, los “malabarismos” necesarios para articular responsabilidades profesionales y familiares en particular constituyen una parte estresante y difícil de la vida diaria.

La creciente importancia de la tensión entre trabajo y vida como asunto de normativa/de política está ligada a transformaciones socioeconómicas contemporáneas: horas de trabajo flexibles, feminización del mercado de trabajo, intensificación de prácticas laborales, movilidad de la fuerza de trabajo, cambios en la composición y en la estructura de la familia, poblaciones que envejecen y el desafió general del renovamiento demográfico.

Parece ser que, el reciente deterioro económico global que resulta en mercados de trabajo inseguros y precarios, intensifica dichas transformaciones societales. Medidas políticas específicas han sido desarrolladas para enfrentar estos nuevos desafíos societales. Sin embargo, en algunos lugares, la crisis económica del 2008 así como las políticas de austeridad que se han dado en este despertar están llevando a la erosión de cambios en el régimen trabajo/familia y en las iniciativas de equilibrio trabajo/vida en el campo laboral.

Nuestra sesión abordará los efectos de dicha austeridad, la primera, en asuntos de normativa/de política y sus usos a nivel nacional y por otra parte, en asuntos de normativa/de política y en prácticas en lugares de trabajo y en ocupaciones diversas.

 

Work-Life Interference in a Time of Austerity. L’interférence travail-vie privée en période d’austérité. Interferencia entre trabajo y vida en tiempos de austeridad. Part II

Session Organizers
Bernard FUSULIER, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium, bernard.fusulier@uclouvain.be
Hideki NAKAZATO, Konan University, Japan, nakazato@center.konan-u.ac.jp
Diane Gabrielle TREMBLAY, Université Téluq, Canada, diane-gabrielle.tremblay@teluq.ca

Session in English/French/Spanish

 

Workplace Innovation – Social Innovation Shaping Work Organisation and Working Life

Session Organizers
Juergen HOWALDT, Social Research Center Dortmund, Germany, howaldt@sfs-dortmund.de
Peter OEIJ, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, Netherlands, peter.oeij@tno.nl
Ben FRUYTIER, Research Centre for Social Innovation, Netherlands, ben.fruytier@hu.nl

Session in English

Workplace Innovation is a social, participatory process which shapes work organisation and working life, combining their human, organisational and technological dimensions. This participatory process simultaneously results in improved organisational performance and enhanced quality of working life. Workplace innovation is an important element of strategies for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth of the economies (EU2020 Strategy) through higher productivity, a better quality of working life and more innovation capability.

Workplace Innovation or ‘social Innovation in the workplace’ facilitates the impact of technological and economic innovations, delivering a productivity and innovation leap for private and public enterprises. A lack of investment in Workplace Innovation results in idle capacities and a lagging development of the knowledge economy, a gap intensified by the emergence of new working patterns and new types of organisation. At the same time, data of the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS; Eurofound, 2012) demonstrate that workplace Innovation results in active work situations: workplaces and jobs in which workers have greater autonomy in controlling their work demands, coupled with higher discretionary capacity for learning and problem-solving.

Little is known about how Workplace Innovation drives and adapts to recent and emerging social developments in the world of work: growing numbers of self-employed individuals, the emergence of the network economy and multi-located working sites, the notion of the mobile and boundless ‘workplace’, the concept of distributed leadership and management, the changing institutional roles of unions and occupational groupings, the ageing work force, complex patterns of self-organising linkages connecting organisations and individuals, the application of ICTs and the use of social media. These highly unpredictable, yet irrefutably emerging patterns demand social intelligence and innovative capacity which transcends restricted technical or economic perspectives.

The paper contributions should discuss opportunities and challenges of workplace Innovation and its potential for wellbeing and organizational performance and explore how Workplace Innovation can contribute to sustainable economic, ecological and social change by fostering the innovative capacity of organisations and individuals. Developing and deploying human talent and fostering a willingness to cooperate are indispensable components of a versatile network economy, relying heavily on participation, dialogue and self-organisation of engaged individuals working in and between organisations. Examples should help to understand how different countries address the topic.

The contributions of this session should discuss (one or more of) the following questions: Best papers will be considered for publication in a special issue of the journal World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development.

 

Joint Sessions

Click on the session title to read its description and the scheduled day/time.

Language, Work and Health

Joint session of RC25 Language and Society [host committee] and RC30 Sociology of Work

 

Professional Labour in a Globalized World: The Cross-Bordering and Internationalization of Knowledge Workers

Joint session of RC30 Sociology of Work and RC52 Sociology of Professional Groups [host committee]

 

Social Inequalities in International Skilled Labor Migration and Mobility in a Globalized World

Joint session of RC30 Sociology of Work and RC31 Sociology of Migration [host committee]

 

Social Policies, Work and Gender: New Forms of Social Work

Joint session of RC19 Poverty, Social Welfare and Social Policy [host committee] and RC30 Sociology of Work

 

Unionism and the Critique of the Work Organization. Syndicalisme et critique de l’organisation du travail. Part I

Joint session of RC30 Sociology of Work [host committee] and RC44 Labor Movements

 

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International Sociological Association
June 2014