ISA World Congress of Sociology

Associations of Sociology Sessions

Sessions of National, Regional and Thematic Sociological Associations, collective members of ISA in good standing, will be held at 15:30-17:20 during 5 days, Monday through Friday, July 16-20, 2018.

Asociación Latinoamericana de Sociología

Democracy and Social Beliefs: New Ways of Representing the Political
Coordinator: Paulo Henrique MARTINS, Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil

The ideal of liberal democracy that governs modern republican political systems starts from the principle of a secular citizenship that would be the shared collective rule in decision-making processes on public and private goods. It turns out that such a construct of citizenship governed by the alleged normativity of rational individual interests that would converge toward a certain definition of the political does not hold in the daily life of modern societies. Contrary to a rational contract between free actors to exercise rhetoric in the Agora, what we see are cognitive and affective hierarchies and also a multiplicity of places of enunciation of the political that contradict the horizontal and symmetrical image of the democratic game presented by liberal theorists and even by more attuned thinkers like Habermas. The memories of modern democratic practices point to the effective presence of antagonisms that cut across the modes of action of agents in the organization of the political scene. In this context, the Latin American and Brazilian experience is important because it demonstrates how secular and religious beliefs are interwoven both in the organization of representations of citizenship and in the formulation of the political from a perspective that does not fit into the conceptual model of liberal thinkers.

Japanese Sociological Society

Local Commons and the Environment
Coordinator: Koichi HASEGAWA, Tohoku University, Japan

In Japan, although the first successful case of rapid modernization among non-Western countries, some local areas still have a history of managing and utilizing of traditional local commons called an iriai institution in Satoyama as well as some types of local commons in Pacific islands and tropical Asia. We are facing serious environmental crisis and hazards by the strong pressure of privatization and the market under globalization. With these social and historical backgrounds as a non-Western society, Japanese sociology has developed unique and fruitful achievements of studying local commons, the environment, and sustainability. Studying local commons presents excellent opportunities for thinking about varieties of stimulating current theoretical
topics as well as suggesting local practices, for example, a way of traditional thinking and indigenous concepts regarding commons, wise use of communal resources, ingroup and outgroup relationship, varieties and types of ownerships of private-communal-public, types and roles of local actors and their legitimacy, environmental governance, environmental justice, and the interaction between the local community and globalizing world. Lessons from managing and utilizing local commons will be greatly helpful to design and plan the new way of reactivating the 3.11 Tsunami severely devastated area in Tohoku, Japan. Tentative topics in this session which the Japan Sociological Society has proposed are first, tackling environmental issues from the theoretical perspective of local commons, second, comparative studies on the relationship between traditional and modern water/forestry management systems and community life, and finally building the sociological bridges between Japan and the underdeveloped area in Pacific islands and tropical Asia..

Changing the Structure of Inequality under Globalization: From the Perspective of East-Asian Experiences
Coordinator: Kazuo SEIYAMA Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan

In 2016, we witnessed anti-globalization movements that exclude refugees and immigrants, such as the U.K. leaving the EU and Donald Trump, who advocates “America first” and proposes strict restrictions against accepting immigrants, winning the US presidential elections. This backlash could be the result of the majority of people in these societies not sensing or perceiving enough benefits from globalizing the economy.
Thus, inequality continues to expand, particularly as the majority of working people do not see any merit in globalizing the market but feel uncomfortable, and even consider it unfair, to have to accept immigrants and compete with them in the labor market. Globalization makes the market larger and encourages movement of money and people beyond borders, but only a limited number of people seem to be able to enjoy the benefits of such an economy. Accordingly, political backlash has occurred with the support of the working and middle-class people who have shown serious disappointment with globalization.
Now, the Japan Sociological Society has proposed a session to explore the ongoing socioeconomic problems related to globalization in association with changes in the structure of social inequalities in East Asia. Japan has suffered from an increase in instability in employment represented by the growth of non-standard jobs since 2000, and the increasing inflows of foreign workers to South Korea and Taiwan are now a hot social issue. China has continued to suffer from an increase in socioeconomic inequality related to her economic growth. We would like to examine how these social problems have occurred, associated with the large changes in demographic and family structures that these East Asian countries commonly experience. We would also like to deepen our understanding of the new forms of inequality structures in globalizing contemporary societies.

Sociological Association of Turkey 

Migration, Gender and Precarity: New Migratory Flows in the MENA Region
Coordinators: Coordinators: Nilay CABUK KAYA, University of Ankara, Dilek CINDOGLU, Abdullah Gul University, Ayse SAKTANBER, Middle-East Technical University, Turkey

Migration is the most critical phenomenon of the MENA region societies especially after the Syrian Civil War in 2011. The societies that were influenced most from this migration flows are Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq. The flux of people contributed further to the precarious conditions of the masses.  The migration of the masses experienced all kinds of disadvantaged situations. Their arrival to the host societies also widened the already unequal relations in terms of gender, race and ethnicity and social class. Precarity in that context is being experienced in various forms including (1) economic precarity; (2) social discrimination and exclusionary practices, (3) youth drop outs from education, (4) lack of civil rights,  (4) lack of health care, (5) sexual harassment and discrimination and stigmatization, (6) rise of identity politics.

Gender and Authoritarianism in the MENA Region
Coordinators: Coordinators: Nilay CABUK KAYA, University of Ankara, Dilek CINDOGLU, Abdullah Gul University, Ayse SAKTANBER, Middle-East Technical University, Turkey

Inequalities in gender, race and ethnicity and social class deepen in the times of authoritarian political climates. Authoritarian political climates normalize all kinds of violence and unjust relations in any society.  MENA Region societies, which do not have a long history with democracy, experience extra challenges in that respect. On the contrary, MENA region has been experiencing ethnic, religious, political and social conflicts over decades. This session invites papers dwelling upon these deepening inequalities in the MENA region societies from an intersectional approach with particular emphasis on gender and authoritarianism.  We welcome papers from Turkey, Jordan, Iran, Iraq, Palestine, Egypt, Lebanon, and Tunisia etc. focusing on gender and authoritarianism in the MENA region.

Popular Protest and State Repression in a Global Comparative Perspective

Participating units: Croatian Sociological Association, Mexican Sociological Association Morocco Association for Friends of Sociology, Spanish Federation of Sociology, Taiwanese Sociological Association
Coordinator: Chih-Jou Jay CHEN, Taiwanese Sociological Association

In the spirit of sociology’s traditional concern with power, violence and justice, this proposed session examines popular protest and state repression from a global comparative perspective. As capitalist globalization expands and deepens, corporate power increases along with global, national and local inequalities. States often fail to meet their responsibility to provide resources for the disadvantaged and to protect the vulnerable. While many disadvantaged groups have actively mobilized in defense of their political, economic, social and cultural rights, many others have remained passive and apolitical. In non-democracies, autocratic regimes remain stable and resilient, state repression often succeeds in suppressing popular protest and social movements, while violence is being used both as a tool to oppress and to resist oppression. In democratic and non-democratic states, collective protests are either a mode of action for certain disadvantaged groups to fight for their rights, or are class- and region-spanning actions by the general public to demand universal values and pursue justice. These collective actions are closely related to the political power structure and class relations of society; frequently, the state’s response to collective protests is further correlated to factors like protest issues, protest tactics, and the protesters’ social status. This session will bring together empirical experiences from different parts of the world to examine how collective protests and state repression are influenced by the role of state and institutional power relations in different countries, and thus contributing to our understanding of power, violence and justice.

Higher Education, Social Justice and Development in the BRICS countries

Participating units: Brazilian Sociological Society, Russian Sociological Society, Indian Sociological Society, South African Sociological Association
Coordinator: Mikhail CHERNYSH, Russian Sociological Society

The session will bring together representatives from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) in an examination of the changing dynamics and relevance of their systems of higher education. The systems have gone through significant changes over the last two decades involving marketization, bureaucratization and references to the social and economic functions of the university. The comparative assessment of undergraduate and post-graduate education in the context of increased emphasis on social justice will be examined for its impact on present and future.
Issues to be examined include: 1) A description of the structures of the higher education systems in each country, and their changes over the last two decades, 2) Policies of financing and control, 3) A characterization of social justice and/or social inclusion policies and their impact, 4) How do the four vectors: marketization, bureaucratization, social justice and/or inclusion policies and expansion impact relationships between teachers, administrators and students? 5) What is known about the differences in the aforementioned impacts in the private and public sectors? 6) What is the effect of university education on careers of students and their position in the labor market? 7) How does higher education contribute to overall life satisfaction? 8) How are modern technologies employed? 9) Is higher education still a route into the middle class? 10) What is the importance of higher education in contemporary politics? 11) What are the implications of these analyses given the emergence of a BRICS Network University and the BRICS University League?

Power, Violence, and Justice: Comparative Arab Readings

Participating units: Palestinian Sociological and Anthropological Association, Université d'Alger II, Algeria, Université El Manar, Tunisia
Abaher EL-SAKKA, Palestinian Sociological and Anthropological Association, Mounir SAIDANI, Université El Manar, Tunisia, Al-Zubayr Arrous, Université d'Alger II,  Algeria

In the past decade, Arab societies have witnessed political, economic and social struggles that have engendered a number of significant transformations in forms of governmentality, political participation and representation, and the retardation of democratization. Transformations in social and economic policies, of regional and global scopes, have also had their impact on the political field and its actors in these societies. New classes, groups, and actors have entered the stage, and power relations are being transformed.  In addition, the relative positions of social groups have changed, as have their modes of intervention. We are also increasing inequalities in different social spaces and fields in response to these changes. New forms of communal and social resistance have emerged that encompass pressure groups and other collective actors, and that are based on demands for equality in terms of class, gender, ethnicity, nationality, sectarian affiliation, and other attributes.
This activity, through its different sessions, hopes to attract papers focusing on social, political and economic inequalities and the production of marginality and exclusion of different groups; among the aims are deconstructing and questioning the discourses that accompany these processes (constructing and re-constructing inequalities, producting marginality and its reproduction, and the creation of exclusion and its re-creation), and the universal, national, and religious bases of such discourses.  The session also hopes to examine emerging social and political demands about citizenship, social justice, participation, social mobilization, and the role of new actors, articulated in a range of global, local, neoliberal, and religiously-inspired discourses.
The sessions will also focus on the production of new forms of capital and legitimacy on the part of new actors through displacement of other actors based on the inter-related and complex dynamics of generation, gender, nationality, and ethnicity, and their effect on transformations in the representation of everyday life in these societies.  These sessions aspire to an initial drawing of a new map of socioeconomic policies and ways of resisting them by different social groups through various forms of artistic and cultural expression in public spaces.

Democracy, Power and Violence in South Asia 

Participating units: Indian Sociological Society, Bangladesh Sociological Society, Pakistan Sociological Association
Coordinator: Sujata PATEL, Indian Sociological Society

There are many factors uniting the South Asian region even though its nation-states have had a history of hostility, tension and mistrust. In addition to a shared history of feudalism, colonialism and cultural diversities, South Asia is characterised by a growing population, increasing poverty, weak governance structures with feeble democratic institutions, increasing militarization and sectarianism. Politicians and political systems in the region have used the power of money, position and arms to create different forms of government: democratic, socialist, military and monarchical and have pursued national security through destructive military apparatuses, rather than sought security for citizens by actualizing their creative potential. As a consequence, power dynamics have inflated different forms of oppression and violence, either during the electoral process or while securing political party positions.
This panel discussion will bring together representatives and experts from various South Asian countries: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka to discuss first, how military rule, monarchy and centralized autocratic political systems have been accepted within the framework of democracy in the region. Second it will discuss how these frameworks have not been able to provide opportunities to minorities and the marginalized. Thus, groups such as Dalits, tribal, ethnic and religious minorities together with women have been in covert and overt ways barred from participating in political decision-making processes and have faced the worst forms of violence.


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